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CODEX STAN 210-1999 Standard for Named Vegetable Oils

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  • Published: 2013-07-10
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Introduction
CODEX STAN 210-1999 Standard for Named Vegetable Oils
The Appendix to this Standard is intended for voluntary application by commercial partners and not for application by governments.
1. SCOPE
This Standard applies to the vegetable oils described in Section 2.1 presented in a state for human consumption.
2. DESCRIPTION
2.1 Product definitions
(Note: synonyms are in brackets immediately following the name of the oil)
2.1.1 Arachis oil (peanut oil; groundnut oil) is derived from groundnuts (seeds of Arachis hypogaea L.).
2.1.2 Babassu oil is derived from the kernel of the fruit of several varieties of the palm Orbignya spp.
2.1.3 Coconut oil is derived from the kernel of the coconut (Cocos nucifera L.).
2.1.4 Cottonseed oil is derived from the seeds of various cultivated species of Gossypium spp.
2.1.5 Grapeseed oil is derived from the seeds of the grape (Vitis vinifera L.).
2.1.6 Maize oil (corn oil) is derived from maize germ (the embryos of Zea mays L.).
2.1.7 Mustardseed oil is derived from the seeds of white mustard (Sinapis alba L. or Brassica hirta Moench), brown and yellow mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernajew and Cossen) and of black mustard (Brassica nigra (L.) Koch).
2.1.8 Palm kernel oil is derived from the kernel of the fruit of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
2.1.9 Palm kernel olein is the liquid fraction derived from fractionation of palm kernel oil (described above).
2.1.10 Palm kernel stearin is the solid fraction derived from fractionation of palm kernel oil (described above).
2.1.11 Palm oil is derived from the fleshy mesocarp of the fruit of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis).
2.1.12 Palm olein is the liquid fraction derived from the fractionation of palm oil (described above).
2.1.13 Palm stearin is the high-melting fraction derived from the fractionation of palm oil (described above).
2.1.14 Palm superolein is a liquid fraction derived from palm oil (described above) produced through a specially controlled crystallization process to achieve an iodine value of 60 or higher.
2.1.15 Rapeseed oil (turnip rape oil; colza oil; ravison oil; sarson oil: toria oil) is produced from seeds of Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L., Brassica juncea L. and Brassica tournefortii Gouan species.
2.1.16 Rapeseed oil - low erucic acid (low erucic acid turnip rape oil; low erucic acid colza oil; canola oil) is produced from low erucic acid oil-bearing seeds of varieties derived from the Brassica napus L., Brassica rapa L. and Brassica juncea L., species.
2.1.17 Rice bran oil (rice oil) is derived from the bran of rice (Oryza sativa L).
2.1.18 Safflowerseed oil (safflower oil; carthamus oil; kurdee oil) is derived from safflower seeds (seeds of Carthamus tinctorious L.).
2.1.19 Safflowerseed oil - high oleic acid (high oleic acid safflower oil; high oleic acid carthamus oil; high oleic acid kurdee oil) is produced from high oleic acid oil-bearing seeds of varieties derived from Carthamus tinctorious L.
2.1.20 Sesameseed oil (sesame oil; gingelly oil; benne oil; ben oil; till oil; tillie oil) is derived from sesame seeds (seeds of Sesamum indicum L.).
2.1.21 Soya bean oil (soybean oil) is derived from soya beans (seeds of Glycine max (L.) Merr.).
2.1.22 Sunflowerseed oil (sunflower oil) is derived from sunflower seeds (seeds of Helianthus annuus L.).
2.1.23 Sunflowerseed oil - high oleic acid (high oleic acid sunflower oil) is produced from high oleic acid oil-bearing seeds of varieties derived from sunflower seeds (seeds of Helianthus annuus L.).
2.1.24 Sunflowerseed oil - mid oleic acid (mid-oleic acid sunflower oil) is produced from mid-oleic acid oil-bearing sunflower seeds (seeds of Helianthus annuus L.).
 
 
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